Brindabella Archives

Do not be led by others,
awaken your own mind,
amass your own experience,
and decide for yourself your own path.
The Atharva Veda

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Brindabella Archives Summary The Brindabella Archives are nonfiction writings on Science, Technology, and Society.

./Comments (1y 17w 6d ago, 0 files)
./Current (1y 17w 6d ago, 0 files)
./Dai (1y 13w 3d ago, 13 files)
./Dai/-Notes (1y 17w 6d ago, 0 files)
./Dai/-comments.html (1y 18w , size: 216 bytes)
./Dai/-summary.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 402 bytes)

Personal odds and ends from past sites.

./Dai/photos (1y 13w 4d ago, 9 files)
./Dai/photos/Black Snake.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 3954 bytes)
./Dai/photos/Digging Sticks.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 1382 bytes)
./Dai/photos/Fin the Dog.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 344 bytes)
./Dai/photos/Fin with ball.html (1y 11w , size: 701 bytes)
./Dai/photos/Marsupial.html (1y 11w , size: 371 bytes)
./Dai/photos/Sharing Territory.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 3728 bytes)
./Dai/photos/Sullivans Creek.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 1018 bytes)
./Dai/photos/The Itch.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 390 bytes)
./Dai/photos/Young Possom.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 2079 bytes)
./OCM (1y 14w 2d ago, 6 files)
./OCM/-summary.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 1059 bytes)

Untitled Page The Open Climate Modeller (OCM) is an interactive Javascript visualisation package for exploring the Earth's surface-atmosphere energy dynamics.
Select the OCM.html file to run it now, or download the OCMdemo.zip file.
Unzip it then open in a local browser. Local use recommended for Javascript programmers only. Check code safety for yourself.

./OCM/OCM_170402.html (1y 31w 4d ago, size: 134066 bytes)
./OCM/OCMdemo.zip (1y 14w 3d ago, size: 158555 bytes)
./OCM/plots (1y 14w 2d ago, 2 files)
./OCM/plots/OCM-AirPlot-DsTLS.gif ( 34w 5d ago, size: 13337 bytes)
./OCM/plots/OCM-AirPlot-TSL.gif (1y 34w 2d ago, size: 9195 bytes)
./Science ( 47w 5d ago, 70 files)
./Science/Climate ( 27w 2d ago, 59 files)
./Science/Climate/Atmosphere (1y 17w 6d ago, 6 files)
./Science/Climate/Atmosphere/-Notes (1y 11w , 0 files)
./Science/Climate/Atmosphere/-comments.html (2y 27w 4d ago, size: 312 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Atmosphere/-summary.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 616 bytes)

This article, Energy and Atmosphere, looks at the energy dynamics of the Earth's atmosphere. Since the role of radiative gasses has become a political issue that is undermining the stability of industrial economies and denying the many benefits of cheap and reliable energy to billions of people, the precise nature of the energy dynamics of our atmosphere has become a trillion dollar question.

It shows a new derivation for the adiabatic temperature lapse rate in the atmosphere.
It also points to a possible explanation for why the Earth's water thermostat cuts in so suddenly at 30 Cº.

./Science/Climate/Atmosphere/Energy&Atmosphere.html (1y 11w , size: 33664 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Atmosphere/Energy&Atmosphere.pdf (2y 28w 3d ago, size: 529340 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Atmosphere/Lapse Rates.html (1y 11w , size: 11383 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Climate PP (1y 17w 6d ago, 5 files)
./Science/Climate/Climate PP/-Notes (1y 11w , 0 files)
./Science/Climate/Climate PP/-comments.html (2y 27w 4d ago, size: 306 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Climate PP/-summary.html (1y 11w , size: 141 bytes)

Climate – A Personal Perspective is an early overview article looking at things and events that have influenced my views on climate.

./Science/Climate/Climate PP/Climate - A Personal Perspective.html (2y 11w 4d ago, size: 78040 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Climate PP/Climate-PP.pdf (3y 50w 5d ago, size: 636413 bytes)
./Science/Climate/ClimateTruth&Certainty (1y 11w , 2 files)
./Science/Climate/ClimateTruth&Certainty/Truth&Certainty.html (2y 25w 4d ago, size: 17007 bytes)
./Science/Climate/ClimateTruth&Certainty/TruthAndCertainty.pdf (2y 26w 3d ago, size: 131955 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Diurnal-Smoothing-Effect.pdf ( 27w 2d ago, size: 238052 bytes)
./Science/Climate/HallOfInfamy.pdf (1y 51w 6d ago, size: 73439 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Hall of Infamy.html (1y 51w 6d ago, size: 8786 bytes)
./Science/Climate/IPCC-CO2 (1y 17w 6d ago, 5 files)
./Science/Climate/IPCC-CO2/-Notes (1y 17w 6d ago, 0 files)
./Science/Climate/IPCC-CO2/-comments.html (2y 27w 4d ago, size: 209 bytes)
./Science/Climate/IPCC-CO2/-summary.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 1217 bytes)

 The IPCC and the Carbon Cycle
We are told by the IPCC that CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels are causing atmospheric CO2 levels to rise and that these are causing global warming. Of the two links in this chain of reasoning this article addresses the first.

I show that the IPCC view of the carbon cycle is fundamentally flawed in many ways, and is not supportable at any meaningful level of confidence. This is not esoteric science to be left to specialists or ‘great minds’. Any numerate person who cares to look and think can understand the insignificance of our total industrial era CO2 emissions at less than 1% of the carbon cycle and our annual emissions at just 5% of the air-sea fluxes.

./Science/Climate/IPCC-CO2/IPCC-CO2.html (2y 16w 6d ago, size: 45665 bytes)
./Science/Climate/IPCC-CO2/IPCC-CO2.pdf (2y 25w 4d ago, size: 956187 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Lapse Rates (1y 17w 6d ago, 6 files)
./Science/Climate/Lapse Rates/-Notes (1y 11w , 0 files)
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./Science/Climate/Lapse Rates/Lapse Rates.pdf (2y 27w 3d ago, size: 159006 bytes)
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./Science/Climate/Lapse Rates/Lapse Rates.rtfd/pastedGraphic.pdf (2y 27w 3d ago, size: 60363 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Natural Cycles (1y 17w 6d ago, 4 files)
./Science/Climate/Natural Cycles/-Notes (1y 17w 6d ago, 0 files)
./Science/Climate/Natural Cycles/-summary.html (2y 26w 6d ago, size: 157 bytes)

Plot from the southern Sea Surface Temperature modelling.
See the SST images archive in the images branch. A description of this project is forthcoming.

./Science/Climate/Natural Cycles/Natural Cycles.html (2y 25w 3d ago, size: 6850 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Natural Cycles/Natural Cycles.pdf (2y 27w 3d ago, size: 116959 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Paris (1y 17w 6d ago, 1 files)
./Science/Climate/Paris/Paris submission.pdf (3y 46w 6d ago, size: 131941 bytes)
./Science/Climate/RadiativeDelay ( 30w 6d ago, 11 files)
./Science/Climate/RadiativeDelay/-Notes (1y 13w 4d ago, 4 files)
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./Science/Climate/RadiativeDelay/-summary.html (1y 11w , size: 639 bytes)

The article Radiative Delay in Context challenges a core assumption of the contemporary climate science consensus, that the Greenhouse (or Radiative Delay) Effect is the sole mechanism by which the Earth's atmosphere raises the Earth's surface temperature above that which would exist without an atmosphere.

In it I show that the Radiative Delay heating of the atmosphere is negligible, and a well established alternative mechanism arising from atmospheric buffering over the diurnal temperature cycle is capable of producing the temperatures we experience.

The role of Carbon Dioxide is shown to be negligible.

./Science/Climate/RadiativeDelay/RadiativeDelay170815.pdf (1y 31w 3d ago, size: 162457 bytes)
./Science/Climate/RadiativeDelay/RadiativeDelay170815.xlsx (1y 31w 3d ago, size: 230485 bytes)
./Science/Climate/RadiativeDelay/RadiativeDelayInContext170828.pdf (1y 29w 4d ago, size: 304598 bytes)
./Science/Climate/RadiativeDelay/RadiativeDelayInContext180818.pdf ( 30w 6d ago, size: 244143 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Sea Surface Temperature (1y 17w 6d ago, 2 files)
./Science/Climate/Sea Surface Temperature/-Notes (1y 17w 6d ago, 0 files)
./Science/Climate/Sea Surface Temperature/-summary.html (2y 27w 3d ago, size: 109 bytes)

Forthcoming article: a technical description of the SST modelling discussed in the article Natural Cycles.

./Science/Climate/Sea temperatures (1y 13w 3d ago, 4 files)
./Science/Climate/Sea temperatures/SST - Cycles vs Linear.html (1y 13w 3d ago, size: 3895 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Sea temperatures/SST-cycle weights.html (4y 2w 6d ago, size: 2353 bytes)
./Science/Climate/Sea temperatures/Sea Surface Temperatures - 1.html (1y 13w 3d ago, size: 4108 bytes)
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./Science/DD-Academic Publications.html (1y 40w , size: 2611 bytes)
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./Science/Fusion/Fusion-FiascoOrFinesse.pdf (5y 16w , size: 76430 bytes)
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./Science/Soils/Soils.pdf (2y 26w 3d ago, size: 144418 bytes)
./Society (1y 17w 6d ago, 8 files)
./Society/AmgalantReview.html (1y 17w 6d ago, size: 9919 bytes)

Amgalant One: The Old Ideal

by Bryn Hammond


Published 2012, 540 pages, amgalant.com


Reviewer: Dai Davies



Once a great grey wolf, his fur touched by blue like a cloudy sky, 

wooed a doe, ochre like a steppe horizon.


So starts this epic tale of the Mongols' quest for freedom and unity – amgalant – and the life of Temujin who was to become Genghis Khan. Hammond's story is a fictional rendering and interpolation of the Mongols' own version of their origins, The Secret History of the Mongols, written in the early thirteenth century shortly after the Khan's death. 

Cleaves's English translation of the Secret History starts: ‘There was a bluish wolf which was born having [his] destiny from Heaven above. His spouse was a fallow doe.’ The comparison gives an insight into Hammond's style that adds a fluid and engaging complement to her detailed research into Mongol life. These opening lines also frame the journey of the Mongols from wild brawling tribes to a unified herd.

This work, still incomplete at four books in two volumes, expands the two hundred plus pages of Cleaves's translation to over a thousand pages and rising. The narrative voice is modern which to my mind, perhaps paradoxically, adds an authenticity that would have been undermined by any attempt at faux-native. So far I have completed the first volume, The Old Ideal, stopping only for food and sleep. The beginning was a bit like parachuting into a Mongol camp with an interpreter – a big jump. It took a while to adjust and I never really managed to keep track of all the names of people, things, and places – but I'm used to that.

As might be expected, there is plenty of action and adventure in this story along with heroism and treachery, love and hate, abysmal suffering and good times, but what captivated me was the apparent realism of the depiction of Mongol society, of daily life and the characters themselves. We see a society that once upheld principles of honour and the rules of the steppe now disrupted, taxed, brutalised and enslaved by its neighbours, growing desperate for freedom and independence – a common plight in human history. 

The Secret History projects the realism and objectivity of its authors who, it seems, felt no particular need to embellish or boast. Bryn (a reclusive house-mate many years ago when she was writing Space Opera for the pre-internet Zine scene – mechanical typewriters etc. – real Indie cred here!) – as I was saying, Bryn maintains this objectivity leaving aside the controversial nature of her subjects and keeping to the spirit of the original text which has been used for centuries as a textbook of Mongol culture. 

We see a culture built on the pragmatism of survival but proud of a deep tradition that recognised the need for peace, freedom, and care for the natural world that supported them: ‘We don’t clog and cumber ourselves with baggage and belongings, neither do we rifle the flesh and bones of the earth, rip her up and scar her’, but their grip on the Old Ideal had become tenuous. This is illustrated early on with the story of a man, exiled and alone but for a bird of prey as companion and hunting partner who, adapting the world-view of the Falcon, has no compunction about creating conflict by stealing horses. This represents a low from which we move, eventually, to unity and peace. 

It's a long journey. Temujin's father is murdered at a travellers' rest site – traditionally a safe haven. His mother is exiled to the fringe of Mongol society and lands to bring her children up alone under the harshest conditions – a skilled survivor. He kills his brother in a dispute and later ends up going to war with his childhood friend and blood brother Jamuqa who tries to use fear to unite the tribes. In contrast, Temujin shows clemency even to Jamuqa, demonstrates religious and cultural tolerance and insists on appointment by merit rather than traditional hierarchy. 

The final pages of The Secret History detail the establishment of the institutions of state, such as a postal system and social welfare: ‘to bring forth one [sheep] of one year old from a hundred sheep and to give [it] unto the poor and needy is good’. He well understood what it was to be poor and needy. By rejecting fear as a cohesive force he set a gold standard for civilisation. How many modern societies can claim to have achieved this? 

It seems to me that The Secret History has been widely accepted as an authentic biography of Temujin with detail and intimacy that demand that it be viewed, in part, as autobiographical. The ‘secret’ in the title is understandable when you contrast its contents with the successful and enduring public image he created for himself as Khan: submit to me and be spared – resist me and die. He understood the destructive nature of fear and wasn't averse to instilling it in his enemies.  

Hammond avoids political analysis and judgements but I feel no such constraint. From the little I previously knew of this character and his life the phrase ‘to the right of Genghis Khan’ stood out. Knowing a little more about this flawed, torn and reluctant hero and his world I now find that statement quite odd. He was a socialist by any definition. To place him within the modern political landscape would have him as New Left in the sense of Saul Alinsky and others who rejected the quasi-religious dogmas, hymns and tracts of Marxism and replaced them with one word: ‘organise’. 

Mongol legends had prepared them: 

From her quiver Ulun Ghoa drew five arrows and gave one each to her sons. ‘Can you snap them?’

They arched their brows, snapped the shafts like twigs and waited puzzled with the pieces in their fists. 

She drew another batch of five, and this time tied them into a truss. ‘Now can you snap them?’

In order of age they tried, and strained. Badger-armed Bol gave up with a grunt. ‘That is beyond our strength, mother.’

Her pot had boiled while they wrestled with the arrows”


The problem, as ever, was that taking the lid off a pressure cooker too quickly can have explosive results – the ‘reign of terror’ in France through to the ‘killing fields’ of Kampuchea. But there may have been more to the subsequent story of the Mongols. They might have fitted another category of the modern political lexicon: climate refugees. The fecundity of the Medieval Warming Period was ending and the north was starting its slide towards the Little Ice Age. They did as northern nomads had always done – followed the sun and deer south, trekking into the history books and mythology of my own culture. Many died, but the degree of carnage is exaggerated. The high figures – tens of millions – are inferred from population estimates spanning a time when historical records describe repeated crop failures, famine, and plague in a cooling climate.

If Hammond can complete this epic as she has started, it should earn a place among our great literary works either as a detailed and entertaining insight into the boundary between nomadic and sedentary societies – our common human heritage – or as a cautionary tale of repression, freedom and amgalant.


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./Society/Politics/-Notes (1y 11w , 0 files)
./Society/Politics/-comments.html (2y 27w 4d ago, size: 209 bytes)
./Society/Politics/-summary.html (2y 27w 5d ago, size: 601 bytes)

This is a personal view of the political nature of the CO2 scare from an environmentalist who has watched on in dismay at the extreme politicisation of the environment. I watched the takeover of the environment movement since the 1970s by the extreme left acting with motives that have nothing to do with reducing our environmental impact.
Moving forward we see the actions of the totalitarian left in the United Nations and associated NGOs forming the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and how this has perverted the already corrupted nexus between science and public policy.

./Society/Politics/ClimatePolitics.html (2y 25w 4d ago, size: 17656 bytes)
./Society/Politics/ClimatePolitics.pdf (2y 28w 1d ago, size: 115087 bytes)
./Society/Politics/Empathy and Autism.html (1y 17w 6d ago, size: 10315 bytes)
./Technology ( 38w 4d ago, 18 files)
./Technology/-Notes (1y 13w 5d ago, 0 files)
./Technology/-summary.html (1y 13w 4d ago, size: 791 bytes)

Untitled Page

Technology Archives

Most significant article: Personal Archives

Related articles: Knowledge Systems and Conflict,
Knowledge Futures (refers to deprecated WordMuller software)

More technical (Natural language Processing):
nlp-all.pdf, NLP-Parser.pdf, NLP-Inference.pdf

./Technology/ChitSets Intro.html (1y 11w , size: 6665 bytes)
./Technology/Knowledge Futures.html (1y 11w , size: 8365 bytes)
./Technology/Knowledge Systems and Conflict.html (1y 11w , size: 17910 bytes)
./Technology/LegacySoftware.html ( 38w 4d ago, size: 752 bytes)
./Technology/MatchingParam.pdf (5y 31w 3d ago, size: 65859 bytes)
./Technology/NLP-DataStructures.pdf (9y 5w 3d ago, size: 150699 bytes)
./Technology/NLP-Inference.pdf (9y 5w 3d ago, size: 195013 bytes)
./Technology/NLP-Parser.pdf (9y 5w 3d ago, size: 182984 bytes)
./Technology/Personal Archives.html (1y 11w , size: 24156 bytes)
./Technology/PersonalArchives.pdf ( 47w 5d ago, size: 141111 bytes)
./Technology/SLabView.zip (6y 11w 2d ago, size: 351234 bytes)
./Technology/SLabView Intro.html (1y 14w 4d ago, size: 6822 bytes)
./Technology/SpeechDecisionTree.pdf (5y 31w 3d ago, size: 25855 bytes)
./Technology/TWM-Performance-Usability.pdf (5y 31w 2d ago, size: 307247 bytes)
./Technology/Time in ASR.pdf (5y 31w 2d ago, size: 310440 bytes)
./Technology/nlp-all.pdf (5y 31w 3d ago, size: 337083 bytes)